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Tongkat ali, dopamine, and external sexual desire, part 1


By Serge Kreutz


Natural Dopaminergic Research, 2019


L-dopa, mucuna pruriens, and dopamine agonists

Dopamine agonists have been around for many decades, and their pro-libido effect has been known for a long time. The assortment of dopamine agonists includes L-dopa, mucuna pruriens, bromocriptine, cabergoline, pergolide, pramipexole, lisuride, apomorphine, and a few more.



Dopamine agonists are used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Even after decades of attempts to come up with alternative regimens, the gold standard for raising dopamine in the brain is still L-dopa. As long as the desired treatment effects are achieved with L-dopa in conjunct with carbidopa (Sinemet, Pharmacopa, Atamet, Stalevo), physicians often do not see a necessity to add any of the other medications.



L-dopa occurs naturally in mucuna pruriens (velvet beans), and unlike what is the case for other Parkinson’s remedies, no prescription is needed for mucuna pruriens. Furthermore, if a mucuna pruriens extract is used, the carbidopa that is included with L-dopa Parkinson’s medications, can be avoided.

Carbidopa is added to L-dopa Parkinson’s medications to reduce the side effects of high dosages of L-dopa, but carbidopa also reduces the pro-libido effects. Thus, when one considers sexual enhancement with L-dopa, or any dopaminergic, L-dopa-containing mucuna pruriens should be the first choice.



The emphasis here is on "L-dopa-containing" because unfortunately, most mucuna pruriens supplements sold in healthfood stores in the US, or on Amazon, are a cheap Indian cultivar of mucuna pruriens which contains practically no L-dopa. The Indian mucuna pruriens was and is planted as animal feedstock, and was cultivated precisely to not contain any L-dopa because a high L-dopa percentage in mucuna pruriens preempts weight gain in lifestock (and humans, by the way). The best L-dopa-containing mucuna pruriens is wild-growing mucuna pruriens from forests in Thailand.



Among the Parkinson’s medications developed as alternatives to L-dopa, apomorphine (brand name: Uprima) was temporarily sold in Europe as a medication for erectile dysfunction. But that was wrong marketing. Dopamine agonists don’t work for erections like phosphodiesterase inhibitors. They work on libido. But who says that great sexual desire is less relevant than erections?



Uprima was a disappointment for men whose erection problems are vascular. But Uprima was sold as a medication for erectile dysfunction (at an exorbitant price) because erectile dysfunction is an accepted medical condition, but low libido is not.

While phosphodiesterase inhibitors like sildenafil citrate, or the natural alternative kaempferia parviflora, and yohimbine work on erections, and while elevating testosterone levels is of an unpredictable, questionable pro-sexual nature, dopamine agonists, including mucuna pruriens, can enhance both sexual excitement and orgasmic intensity reliably.



Because dopamine agonists suppress the hormone prolactin, which in turn suppresses testosterone, dopamine agonists can, in people with elevated prolactin levels, function in the same way as a testosterone replacement therapy would. This mostly happens in patients with pituitary cancer, which typically expresses itself in strongly elevated prolactin levels. Those afflicted by the disease have very low testosterone levels. Thus, for them, dopaminergic agents work as hormonal therapy.


Continue reading about tongkat ali, dopamine, and eternal sexual desire

or

Read about the Thai herbal used for testosterone doping in all Thai kickboxing camps




Products available from Sumatra Pasak Bumi (tongkatali.org)

Tongkatali.org products available on Amazon




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Tongkat ali and stacking

Minimal dosages of tongkat ali, as commonly sold, have no effect. If you want to avoid higher dosages of a single agent, you should stack herbals with a similar effect.

If you stack sexual enhancement herbals, you may swallow many capsules every day. Should you be worried?


Tongkat ali, mucuna pruriens, and dopamine

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For overall sexual enhancement, tongkat ali plus mucuna pruriens is superior to dopaminergics


Tongkat ali and krachai dam (black ginger)

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Read about how tongkat ali, or a tongkat ali stack involving butea superba and krachai dam (black ginger), shape sexual migration to Southeast Asia


Tongkat ali and butea superba

Be informed on how to dose butea superba in a tongkat ali stack

Read about why you need the tongkat ali / butea superba libido formula

Butea superba, which raises testosterone like tongkat ali, is also used in sports doping

You should try Thai butea superba for superb sex

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Butea superba in sports doping

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Tongkat ali and tumeric

Explore why stacking with tongkat ali, butea superba, krachai dam (black ginger), boesenbergia rotunda (fingerroot), mucuna pruriens (velvet beans), tumeric, and fenugreek is the most rational approach for enhancing libido, testosterone, and orgasms

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Tongkat ali and nutmeg

Read about the great aphrodisiac potential of a tongkat ali / nutmeg combination

Libido orgasm stack instead of Viagra

Several herbals in a stacking regimen, including tongkat ali and nutmeg, achieve better results than a single herbal, with fewer potential side effects


Tongkat ali and marijuana

Read about marijuana and tongkat ali extract for meaningful sex


Tongkat ali and old age

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Tongkat ali changes your life and changes your mind: from now on, everything else is subordinate to great sex

Tongkat ali is a proven game changer. Great sex at any age.

As you get older, tongkat ali gives your life a meaningful direction

Improving sexual motivation with tongkat ali and butea superba

Great sex doesn't just feel good. It also feels like the ultimate success in life.

Tongkat ali and the engineering of love (not just of sexual function)

Tongkat ali users need personal freedom to pursue sexual goals

Wrong priorities you have, if they are anything other than optimal sex


Tongkat ali and metaphysics

Read about divine sex with tongkat ali and butea superba

Read how tongkat ali shapes moral values

Read about how tongkat ali modifies the mind and perceptions of users of genuine tongkat ali

Ideology is not science

Humans and gods

How tongkat ali pervades all aspects of life, including political opinions

Tongkat ali enhances male sexuality, thus there is potential for conflict


Tongkat ali and health risks

Heavy metals in tongkat ali

Genuine tongkat ali is no health risk, even at a generous dosage

But fake tongkat ali has killed numerous people. Better be careful!

For safe sexual enhancement, buy government-approved herbals, use as stack

If you purchased fake (allegedly standardized) 1:200 tongkat ali extract, you can get a free samples of genuine Indonesian 1:200 tongkat ali extract from us, so you can compare

Sumatra Pasak Bumi ships free samples of genuine 1:200 extract to those who have bought fakes from dubious traders

Educate yourself on how to protect yourself against tongkat ali scams

Most tongkat ali on the Internet is fake, and can be dangerous

There are a few things you should be aware of when buying tongkat ali


Tongkat ali value and trade

Why genuine Indonesian 1:200 tongkat ali extract, unfortunately, cannot be cheap

Gather information on which of Sumatra Pasak Bumi's sexual enhancement herbals are available on Amazon USA, Canada, and Australia

Once it was gloves, then sugar cane. Now tongkat ali is the world's most valuable plant.

Sumatra Pasak Bumi has been trading tongkat ali for almost 30 years

Have a look at Sumatra Pasak Bumi's tongkat ali extraction facility.

Sumatra Pasak Bumi sells genuine, natural tongkat ali, not Chinese lab concoctions

Be in the know: while Indonesian tongkat ali has a higher price, Sumatra Pasak Bumi also sells cheaper Thai tongkat ali

If you live somewhere in the countryside, you may want to consider growing your own tongkat ali. We are a full-service tongkat ali company, and thus also sell seeds.


Tongkat ali and testosterone

Nomor Depkes and lab reports that show that the 1:200 tongkat ali extract of Sumatra Pasak Bumi raises testosterone

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Tongkat ali and estrogens

Read about how only our tongkat ali and other testosterone enhancement herbals come in special estrogen-avoidance packaging

Our tongkat ali loose extract powder, and our jars of 400 capsules are available in paperbags, to avoid direct contact with estrogenic plastics


Tongkat ali and overall health

How tongkat ali improves overall health

One user's excited review of Sumatra Pasak Bumi's 1:200 tongkat ali extract

One of the more surprising benefits of tongkat ali is the plants effectiveness against migraines

Buy tongkat ali, not carnitine (or any other amino acid) if you want to improve your health with supplements


Tongkat ali and fertility

Tongkat ali improves male sperm quantity and quality


Tongkat ali and weight-loss diets

The tongkat ali diet helps you to lose weight, and stay ideal weight forever


Tongkat ali and sirih leaves

Sirih leaves to restore virginity, not just the hymen




Products available from Sumatra Pasak Bumi (tongkatali.org)

Tongkatali.org products available on Amazon




References:

Auriemma RS, Pirchio R, De Alcubierre D, Pivonello R, Colao A. (2019) Dopamine Agonists - from the 1970s up to today. Neuroendocrinology.

Dominguez, J.M., Hull, E.M., (2005) Dopamine, the medial preoptic area, and male sexual behavior. Physiology & Behavior Volume 86, Issue 3, Pages 356-368

Horowski R, Löschmann P.A. (2019) Classical dopamine agonists. Journal of Neural Transmission Volume 126 Issue 4 Pages: 449-454

Hull, E. M., Muschamp, J. W., Sato, S. (2004) Dopamine and serotonin influences on male sexual behavior. Physiology & Behavior Volume 83, Issue 2, 15 Pages 291-307

Giuliano F., Allard, J. (2001) Dopamine and sexual function. International Journal of Impotence Research Volume 13, Pages S18–S28

Melis, M. R., Argiolas, A. (1995) Dopamine and sexual behavior. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews Volume 19, Issue 1, Pages 19-38

Mutwedu, V.B., Ayagirwe, RBB, Bacigale, SB, Mwema, LM, Butseme, S, Kashosi, T, Mitima B, Manyawu GJ, Nyongesa AW. (2019) Effect of dietary inclusion of small quantities of Mucuna pruriens seed meal on sexual behavior, semen characteristics, and biochemical parameters in rabbit bucks (Oryctolagus cuniculus). Tropical Animal Health and Production

Purohit H. Dr., Sharma, O., Dr., (2019) An ayurvedic drug review -kapikacchu (mucuna pruriens). World Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research

Radder, D. L.M., Groenestege, T., Andreas T., Boers, I., Muilwijk, Eline, W., Bloem, B.R. (2019) Mucuna Pruriens Combined with Carbidopa in Parkinson?s Disease: A Case Report. Journal of Parkinson's Disease, Vol. Pre-press, Pages: 1-3,

Runegaard, A.J., Fitzpatrick, C. M., Drucker Woldbye, D.P., Andreasen, J.T., Sørensen, A.T., Gether, U., (2019) Modulating Dopamine Signaling and Behavior with Chemogenetics: Concepts, Progress, and Challenges. Pharmacological Reviews Volume 71 Issue 2 Pages 123-156

Torti, M., Bravi, D., Vacca, L., Stocchi, F. (2019) Are All Dopamine Agonists Essentially the Same? Drugs Pages 1-11




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