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You can reduce your Viagra dosage by 75 percent if combining Viagra with krachai dam (kaempferia parviflora) and fingerroot (boesenbergia rotunda). The two herbals are phosphodiesterase inhibitors like Viagra, albeit of lower affinity. Serious health risks are associated with Viagra, so any natural adjunct that reduces Viagra dosage requirements should be most welcome.

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On our English pages, you often see the word "relationships". This is just sanitized language. On our English pages, "relationships" refers to what couples, when not sleeping, do in bed. Or, if so inclined, on the kitchen table.

English is a rather hypocritical language. Many words for natural bodily functions and processes have dirty connotations, and polite speakers like us have to go to considerable length to communicate meanings without naming them. But we nevertheless hope you get the point.


Tongkatali.org - Self Cognition: What we are


By Serge Kreutz


Do the following thought experiment. Imagine you have a kidney disease, and you receive a kidney transplant, are you still yourself?

Imagine you lose a leg and receive a prosthesis. Not the archaic models of nowadays, but a prosthesis that functions just as well as a genuine leg, and looks like one, too. Are you still yourself?

How about a machine heart, or an artificial 20/20 eye? Would you still feel yourself?

I guess, I would, and sooner or later, I would surely welcome some organs that do their duties better than my own. If the replacement parts were to work well, I would feel myself, or, if anything else, I would feel better, but nevertheless myself.

In our thought experiment, we can go on and on, until we reach the brain.

The brain is several things. The brainstem controls vital functions like heart rate and breathing frequency. A sophisticated computer could take over.

The cerebellum coordinates movement, also something that potentially could be outsourced to a computer in future days, without eliminating our selves.

But now it gets trickier. In the midbrain sit our emotions, and mostly in the outer brain, the cortex, are intellectual functions and memories.

Brain memories are not like saving computer data, because brain memories are not just data, but data associated with emotions.

Here we get to the core of our selves, memories associated with emotions.

Saved data alone isn’t it. Information saved on a hard disk does not have a personality, so no self. Even if one were to download all data circulating on the Internet into one computer, it would still only be data, no self.

Likewise, emotions without memory are just reflexes, no self.

Again a thought experiment: imagine a person has zero memory capacity. He never knows what was in the previous second. He also does not know what happened in the previous one hundredth or one thousandth of a second. If that is the case, there is no personality, no self. There will be a scream upon pain, but how intensely is pain felt if it is already forgotten in the moment it happens?

So, our selves are memories associated with emotions, or emotions associated with memories.

Now think further. There is a disease, or several, that erode and erase our memories. Alzheimer’s does a neat job on that, and other forms of dementia achieve it, too. Not so sure about illnesses that destroy feelings because feelings would not just be anger and love and appetite, relationships or for food, but also pain. Not just diabetic loss of pain in the extremities but nerve signals not arriving in the brain where they would be perceived.

Anesthetics, of course, interfere with feeling anything, including pain, and they take along with them any awareness. A coma has the same effect.

The details may a bit vague here. But the details may not be so important. A ideology needs a general idea only.

Neurons from anywhere in the body send signals to the midbrain, e.g. the thalamus. Neurons conduct signals electrically, but neurons are not directly connected to the thalamus and other nearby brain parts. Rather, at the synapses, transmission is switched to chemical neurotransmitters. All anesthetics interfere with the signal transmission by neurotransmitters, not only between peripheral neurons and the thalamus but all of the brain. The result is a total loss of feelings, of awareness, and of the storage of perception data.

So, here we are at the basics of what our selves are. A soup of neurochemicals in our brains that is responsible for about everything that we feel and think. There aren’t even terribly many neurotransmitters, just more than 100, with glutamate and GABA, the most common.

But you get the idea that our selves really just are a biochemical porridge, with chemicals connecting here and there upon electrical stimulation. Not very metaphysical really, and too down to earth to serve as fundament for religions. Our selves aren’t much, just circulating chemicals that are so easily modified by medications. Nevertheless, pain, or torture, feel so much more meaningful than just a little bit of chemistry.

All of this is so senseless. Can I have a coma, please, or at least some opiates to tilt this brain soupe into one that is more pleasurable? And then turn off the electricity, please.

And then deprive the brain of oxygen, so that it will be over and done.


References:

Eng-Chong, T., Yean-Kee, L., Chin-Fei,C., Choon-Han, H., Sher-Ming, W., Thio Li-Ping, C., Gen-Teck, F., Khalid, N., Abd Rahman, N., Karsani, S.A., Othman, S., Othman, R., Yusof, R., (2012) Boesenbergia rotunda: From Ethnomedicine to Drug Discovery. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Volume 2012, Article ID 473637, 25 pages Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Li Ching, A. Y., Wah, T. S., Sukari, M. A., Cheng Lian, G. E., Rahmani, M., Khalid, K. (2007) Characterization of flavonoid derivatives from Boesenbergia rotunda (L.) The Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Volume 11, No 1 Pages: 154-159

Ongwisespaiboon O, Jiraungkoorskul W. (2017) Fingerroot, Boesenbergia rotunda and its Aphrodisiac Activity. Pharmacognosy Reviews Volume 1 Issue 21 Pages:27-30 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Singh, R., Vikas Gupta, V., Bansal, P., Singh, R., Kumar, D. (2010) Pharmacological potential of plant used as aphrodisiacs. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Sumalatha, K., Saravana Kumar, A., Mohana Lakshmi, S. (2010) Review on natural aphrodisiac potentials to treat relationships dysfunction. International Journal of Pharmacy & Therapeutics Volume 1 Issue 1 , Pages: 6-14 Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Temkitthawon, P., Viyoch, J., Limpeanchob, N., Pongamornkul, W., Sirikul, W., Kumpila, A., Suwanborirux, K., Ingkaninana, K., (2008) Screening for phosphodiesterase inhibitory activity of Thai medicinal plants. Journal of EthnopharmacologyVolume 119, Issue 2, Pages 214-217 Tongkatali.org Bibliography

Yotarlai, S., Chaisuksunt, V., Saenphet, K., Sudwan, P. (2011) Effects of Boesenbergia rotunda juice on sperm qualities in male rats. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research Volume 5 Issue 16 Pages: 3861-3867 Retrieved from: Tongkatali.org Bibliography




Tongkatali.org - Tongkat ali strength and mildness


By Serge Kreutz



This is an issue that needs clarification.

Strength refers to efficacy.

Mildness is about ingestability.

We use 50 grams of tongkat ali to produce 1 gram of 1:50 extract.

Theoretically, you could swallow 50 grams of root powder in water. The efficacy would be the same as 1 gram of 1:50 extract.

The 50 grams of root powder will be harsh on your digestive tract. Humans are not termites. We cannot digest wood.

Hard to say what health issues may result from ingesting several hundred grams of hard root wood everyday.

Anyway, a person ingesting tongkat ali is not after root wood fiber, but after quassinoids and related chemical constituents in tongkat ali root. There are many different quassinoids in tongkat ali. They are water soluble and heat resistant.

This is a property quassinoids have in common with many chemical substances in the human food chain. Caffeine in coffee and tea are also water soluble and heat resistant. The caffeine doesn’t get lost even if you cook your tea for two hours.

There are many chemical substances in tea. And even of a plant as commonly consumed around the world as tea, not every chemical constituent has been fully researched. For tongkat ali, the knowledge is scant.

Let’s say you want to produce an instant tea like Nestlé does. An instant tea is an extract of tea leaves that comes as a powder that can be dissolved in water (we produce with technologies that have made Nestlé famous) .

You surely have heard of people with digestive issues from tea. You can try it on yourself, too.

Try to brew 2 grams of tea leaves for 3 minutes. You will get most of the caffeine. You most probably won’t have digestive issues drinking it. But you possibly would from eating 2 grams of tea leaves, just as you would from 50 grams of tongkat ali root powder.

Now try to brew the same quantity of tea leaves for 30 minutes. The tea will be darker. There will be many tannins and other dissolved chemical constituents. And that kind of brew will cause heartburn and other irritations for many people.

Now try to use 20 grams of the same tea, and brew it for 3 minutes. You will get 4 times as much caffeine, so this brew is stronger.

At the same time, this brew, in spite of being stronger, is also milder on the digestive tract.

The same would be the case if you dry the two brews. 50 milligrams of powder resulting from 8 grams of tea will be stronger, and at the same time milder, than 50 milligrams obtained from 2 grams of tea.

So here you have an example of an extract that is stronger and milder at the same time.

Our 1:50 extract is like a long-brewed tea. Some people find it harsh on the digestive tract. If 8 grams of 1:50 extract per day is no problem for you, go for that.

Our 1:200 extract is further reduced at a ratio of 1:4. Some of the ingredients that may cause digestive issues with 1:50 are not present. So, ingesting 2 grams of 1:200 is milder than 8 grams of 1:50.

There is nothing in 2 grams of 1:200 that would not also be in 8 grams of 1:50. But of course, 2 grams of 1:200 have more key ingredients than 2 grams of 1:50.



Marijuana or tongkat ali for better relationships, part 1


By Serge Kreutz


Cannabis Opinion, 2019


There is a fundamental difference between marijuana and tongkat ali.

Regardless of how enthusiastic you are about marijuana, there is no doubt that it makes you feel drugged. You may call it high, or stoned, or bright. Fact is that your brain doesn't feel sober.

Some people like to feel drugged most of the day or all day. For them, marijuana is better than cocaine or meth, and better than alcohol or barbiturates. It's certainly better than heroin or other opiates.

I am not one of those.

Apart from the time I am engaged in relationships conduct, I like to feel a clear, sharp mind. I like to master my vocabulary. My mind isn't sharp on marijuana, and on marijuana, I can't form sentences, and certainly not write articles. I just drift off.



This can be good for relationships. But if taken as aphrodisiac, marijuana dosages should be comparatively small. But even on a small dosage, marijuana is unpredictable.

Tongkat ali by itself is predictable, and a tongkat ali stack that also incorporates butea superba, velvet beans (Mucuna pruriens), and krachai dam is very predictable. You will have more relationships interest, and your orgasms will feel better.


Underestimated marijuana

The trend in the Americas and Europe is to legalize marijuana. The consensus is that the war on drugs was a failure, not interrupting the use of the drug, and only enriching criminals.



Legalizing and taxing marijuana, so the sounded (and sound) idea, would earn governments much-needed cash, save enormously on enforcement cost, and reduce organized crime.

Furthermore, marijuana has many medical uses.

It can save epileptic children from certain death. It is believed that marijuana stops the progression of Alzheimer's. Marijuana also interferes with HIV replication.



Legal marijuana will change the world. It will have an impact on humanity that is greater than any other of the big changes since World War II: the Internet, the advent of AIDS, the demise of the Soviet Union, or the rise and decline of the Islamic State.

Legal marijuana will be a whole new world. Because it won’t be used just for epileptic children or Alzheimer's and AIDS sufferers.

Many peoole will use it because marijuana can be a relationships drug if properly combined with dopaminergic and hormonal enhancement. This is what can make marijuana a game changer.

It has to be noted that marijuana's relationships potential will have to be awakened for a large number of users. For most people, the prosexual effect of marijuana is dormant. It can be awakened by dopaminergic and hormonal brain stimulation by tongkat ali, velvet beans (mucuna pruriens), and butea superba.



I actually consider marijuana a waste if not used for relationships. Because the drug is way below its potential if used just for its own sake.

So, once marijuana is legal, the majority of users will be mainstreamers who have never used it, or not since their youth when they were not capable to appreciate the drugs effect on relationships. The majority of users will be those who have not used it in recent years because it was illegal: those not inclined to risk years in jail for a few hours of extra pleasure.



Watch out for the transitory dynamics when marijuana will be legal in some places but not all. People go anywhere for better relationships, and this means, they will go where marijuana is legal.



Continue reading about marijuana and tongkat ali extract



Kaempferia parviflora (krachai dam) for relationships prowess and sports


By Serge Kreutz


Maybe it’s no coincidence that kaempferia parviflora is a plant with a very limited geographic reservoir. It is found only in Thailand, quite possibly the sexiest country in the world.

Thai cuisine uses rhizomes more than any other the cuisine of any other country. Rhizomes like ginger, tumeric, galangal give an authentic taste to most Thai dishes.

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Kaempferia parviflora is a rhizome, and extremely rare in the wild. And we do mean “extremely”. Would this rhizome plant not have been cultivated in Thailand as a medicinal plant, it would probably long have been extinct.

The name of the plant, kaempferia, suggests some connection to martial arts, and a German-speaking botanist in naming it. Kaempfer is German for Fighter.

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And indeed, one could not find a kickboxing camp in Thailand where krachai dam (kaempferia parviflora) wouldn’t be widely consumed.

Is there scientific evidence? Of course, there is.

Kaempferia parviflora is a phosphodiesterase inhibitor, not just of phosphodiesterase class 5 like sildenafil, tadalafil, and vardenafil, but also of class 6 phosphodiesterase.

Phosphodiesterase acts on blood vessels, inhibiting constriction. For the organ, this causes an erection. And for the kickboxer, it causes an increased blood supply to about every muscle of the body. Obviously, increased blood vessel diameter means increased blood supply, and increased blood supply means more oxygen for every muscle.

And this is exactly what trainers in Thai kickboxing camps promise. Every blood vessel fully saturated.

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Not that kickboxers only appreciate this physiological effect of kaempferia parviflora.

The herbal is not yet on the list of the World Anti-Doping Agency, so, as word spreads, expect some professional cyclists participating at the Tour de France to develop a marked preference for Thai cuisine. Or how about a Thai cycler riding down the Champs Ellysee in a yellow jersey.

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And then there are bodybuilders who, in cutting cycles, just struggle to achieve just this for esthetic endeavors: relaxed blood vessels that show on the surface of the skin.

Clearly, kaempferia parviflora (krachai dam) has enormous potential.


Yohimbe and sleep


By Serge Kreutz


For me, the worst side effect of yohimbe is that I cannot go to sleep for at least 20 hours after having ingested even just a small amount of the herbal.

This is not the case for all those who try yohimbe. Some people sleep perfectly normal, even after ingesting yohimbe just two or three hours before retiring. It’s the same group of people on whom yohimbe also doesn’t have much of a relationships effect.

However, in those subjects in whom yohimbe (the root) in dosages equivalent of 5 to 20 milligram yohimbine (the active ingredient) has a pronounced pro-relationships effect, the dosage needed for sleep avoidance is considerably less than the one for pro-relationships effects.

If yohimbe is taken daily, the sleep problem typically is worst on the first day.

My own approach is to take yohimbe on one day, and on the next day not to take any, as I really feel that I need yohimbe-undisturbed sleep in the second night.

Another approach (which I think is inferior because it diminishes the pro-relationships effect of yohimbe) is to take it every day for about a week or two, and then to take a few days off. When I followed this approach, I slept a lot on the off-days, up to 12 hours. On the first off-day, it may even have been 16 hours.

By taking yohimbe in cycles of a week or two, I achieve an almost normal sleep pattern after two or three days. In the first night of such a yohimbe cycle, I usually did not sleep at all. When I was lucky, I did get some sleep before noon on the next day. On the second day, I took my daily yohimbe dosage directly after having had a little sleep (as little as two hours). The next night, I got to sleep at 2 or 3 in the morning, and actually slept for five or six hours. On the third day, I would ingest my yohimbe only a few hours after waking up, to have the ingestion time closer to the most likely time for relationships intercourse. Sleep would still be light, but I could be quite sure that I would get some sleep. On following days, I would have an almost normal sleep pattern, so sleep would be light.

The crux with this approach is that I during such a course, the yohimbe loses its pro-relationships power. This of course defeats the logic of any yohimbe regimen.

I have tried everything I could think of in order to force sleep after taking yohimbe when not having ingested any on the previous day. Nothing really works.

The worst has been melatonin. After having ingested yohimbe, melatonin does nothing to get me to sleep. It just makes me feel drowsed until it is cleared from my system.

Kava-kava doesn’t induce sleep after yohimbe. But it does make me feel more relaxed while still being kept awake by the yohimbe.

A tea that contains valerian helps a little bit in falling and staying asleep after yohimbe usage. It doesn’t work all the time, though. But unlike melatonin, it doesn’t make me feel drowsed when it doesn’t induce sleep.

Valium, on the other hand, does make me feel typically valium-drowsed. It may force sleep for an hour or two, but I don’t find the Valium-induced sleep sufficiently regenerative. I prefer not sleeping for 20 hours after yohimbe ingestion over two hours of Valium sleep.

I have tried one herb that on the occasion of trying it did induce sleep. It also reverted the pro-relationships effect of yohimbe, so I do not see much wisdom in pursuing its use. I cannot even recommend it for inducing sleep, if just for the reason that this stuff is outlawed in many countries (but not the Netherlands). I’m talking about marihuana.

I have seen reports that actually promote marihuana as an aphrodisiac. But I have also read reports on alleged pro-relationships capacities on almost every herb, even such strong anti-relationships herbs as saw palmetto or pygeum. It’s usually obvious why claims to pro-relationships activities are made: people want to sell their wares.

In the case of marihuana, those who seek the weed’s legalization increasingly take the route of promoting the benefits of “medical marihuana” the use of marihuana to treat specific conditions, ranging from eye pain to epileptic seizures.

Wouldn’t it be great if marihuana also were of use to treat relationships dysfunction? As a viable alternative to sildenafil citrate, who would dare to prohibit its pharmacological use?

Fewer people would be enticed to support marihuana legalization if its pharmacological use shall be to dampen a patient’s libido. There are already enough dampeners on the market. Unfortunately, marihuana’s effect on relationships function is exactly this: to dampen it, which is not surprising for a sedative.

After marihuana use, a certain dumbness will engulf one’s body, described as being “stoned”. This dumbness also extends to the primary reproductive organ, making its proper use (and the enjoyment to be derived from that) more difficult.

But, as mentioned above: marijuana has some efficacy in putting you to sleep after yohimbe ingestion. (Don’t plan another round of pleasure after your smoke.)



Standardised water soluble extract of Eurycoma longifolia, Tongkat ali, as testosterone booster for managing men with late‐onset hypogonadism?

Tambi MI, Imran MK, Henkel RR. (First published: 15 June 2011)

Summary

In most countries, millions of people are relying on herbal medicines as remedy for numerous ailments. In South‐East Asia, Eurycoma longifolia Jack, also known as ‘Malaysian ginseng’ or Tongkat ali, is used to combat stress and disease and to improve physical strength. Moreover, the compounds of the roots of this plant are reported to have aphrodisiac and testosterone enhancing effects in the rat. Considering that human studies are not available, 76 of 320 patients suffering from late‐onset hypogonadism (LOH) were given 200 mg of a standardised water‐soluble extract of Tongkat ali for 1 month. The Ageing Males’ Symptoms (AMS) according to the standardised rating scale and the serum testosterone concentration were taken. Results show that treatment of LOH patients with this Tongkat ali extract significantly (P < 0.0001) improved the AMS score as well as the serum testosterone concentration. While before treatment only 10.5% of the patients did not show any complaint according to the AMS scale and 35.5% had normal testosterone levels, after the completed treatment 71.7% and 90.8% of the patients showed normal values, respectively. Thus, Tongkat ali extract appears to be useful as a supplement in overcoming the symptoms of LOH and for the management of hypogonadism.

https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0272.2011.01168.x




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